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Notes on Annotated bibliography

A printed copy of your annotated bibliography is due in class on Wednesday, October 30th. This must include all five sources that you plan to use during Unit Four.

Annotated BIB

bibliography is a list of sources (books, journals, websites, periodicals, etc.) one has used for researching a topic. Bibliographies are sometimes called “references” or “works cited” depending on the style format you are using. A bibliography usually just includes the bibliographic information (i.e., the author, title, publisher, etc.).

An annotation is a summary and/or evaluation.

Therefore, an annotated bibliography includes a summary and/or evaluation of each of the sources. Depending on your project or the assignment, your annotations may do one or more of the following:

  • Summarize: Some annotations merely summarize the source. What are the main arguments? What is the point of this book or article? What topics are covered? If someone asked what this article/book is about, what would you say? The length of your annotations will determine how detailed your summary is.
  • Assess: After summarizing a source, it may be helpful to evaluate it. Is it a useful source? How does it compare with other sources in your bibliography? Is the information reliable? Is this source biased or objective? What is the goal of this source?
  • Reflect: Once you’ve summarized and assessed a source, you need to ask how it fits into your research. Was this source helpful to you? How does it help you shape your argument? How can you use this source in your research project? Has it changed how you think about your topic?

Your annotated bibliography should be 120-200 words and include all three of these elements.


The bibliographic information: an MLA citation of each source, listed by alphabetical order.

The annotations: The annotations for each source are written in paragraph form. There should be no extra space between the annotation and the citation. The lengths of the annotations should be 150-200 words. You can focus your annotations for your own needs. A few sentences of general summary followed by several sentences of how you can fit the work into your larger paper or project can serve you well when you go to draft.


To cite an Anthology such as our Mercury Reader:

Lastname, First name. “Title of Essay.” Title of Collection. Ed.
Editor’s Name(s). City of Publication: Publisher, Year.
Page range of entry. Medium of Publication.


Walker, Alice. “Am I Blue?” Mercury Reader: Sustainability Fall 2012. Ed.
Janice Neuleib, Kathleen Shine Cain, and Stephen Ruffus.
Boston: Pearson Learning Solutions, 2013.  44-48. Print.


About Ms. Ruffino

Hello students, I'm very excited for the semester with hopes that this blog will keep everyone organized and on task! If you have any questions or concerns stop by my office (Faner 2238) or let me know via email.

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